The Lord is the king of martyrs: come, let us adore him
Year: A(I). Psalm week: 2. Liturgical Colour: Red.
|St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (1891 - 1942)|
She was born into a practising Jewish family. She had a distinguished career as a philosopher and received a doctorate at the University of Freiburg, but her academic career was impeded because she was a woman.
Reading the autobiography of Saint Teresa of Ávila brought about her conversion to Catholicism and she was baptized on 1 January 1922. She taught at a Dominican girls’ school and studied Catholic philosophy. She became a lecturer at the Institute for Pedagogy at Münster but was thrown out of her post in 1933 as a result of the Nazi régime’s anti-Semitic legislation.
She entered a Carmelite monastery in Cologne and took the name Teresa Benedicta of the Cross. Her order moved her to the Netherlands to keep her safe from the growing Nazi threat. While a Carmelite she wrote an important philosophical book, seeking to combine the phenomenology of her former teacher Edmund Husserl with the philosophy of Aquinas, and she also wrote on St John of the Cross.
On 20 July 1942 the Dutch Bishops’ Conference had a statement read in all churches condemning Nazi racism. In retaliation the authorities ordered the arrest of all Jewish converts to Christianity. Teresa Benedicta was taken to Auschwitz and killed on 9 August 1942.
See also the article in Wikipedia
, and also an interesting article entitled Edith Stein, Apostate Saint
(if the link still survives) on the issues raised for Jews and Christians by Saint Teresa Benedicta’s life and death.
|Other saints: Saint Nathy|
He is the patron saint of the diocese of Achonry, where he founded a church and monastery. See this article
for a little more information.
|Other saints: Saint Felim|
He flourished in the early part of the sixth century and is the first known Bishop of Kilmore. He is patron saint of the diocese.
Red is the colour of fire and of blood. Liturgically, it is used to celebrate the fire of the Holy Spirit (for instance, at Pentecost) and the blood of the martyrs.
|Mid-morning reading (Terce)||1 Peter 5:10-11 ©|
You will have to suffer only for a little while: the God of all grace who called you to eternal glory in Christ will see that all is well again: he will confirm, strengthen and support you. His power lasts for ever and ever. Amen.
|Noon reading (Sext)||James 1:12 ©|
Happy the man who stands firm when trials come. He has proved himself, and will win the prize of life, the crown that the Lord has promised to those who love him.
|Afternoon reading (None)||Wisdom 3:1-2,3 ©|
The souls of the virtuous are in the hands of God, no torment shall ever touch them. In the eyes of the unwise, they did appear to die, but they are at peace.
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Office of Readings for St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein), Virgin, Martyr
Morning Prayer for St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein), Virgin, Martyr
Evening Prayer for St Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein), Virgin, Martyr
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